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Reports C

Reports C are short documents that draw on extensive literature and expert interviews, and are thoroughly reviewed.

The first four reports are available also in English. 

C-Reports outline the regulatory context and gather the available scientific and technological evidence and its implications for a given topic. All reports are published on this website and are licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY 4.0).

The image shows a set of GFP-labelled retinal ganglion cells (in green) and their respective axons, which will continue their journey through the optic nerve to the main visual centres of the brain.
"Constelation". Edition: FOTCIENCIA19. Author: Verónica Murcia-Belmonte.

Green hydrogen as a fuel

Hydrogen produced by renewable energies plays a key role in the energy transition towards a carbon-free economy in 2050. This Report C analyses the green hydrogen value chain - production, storage, distribution and end uses - and discusses the implementation challenges for the sector.


Artificial intelligence and health

Digitalization and recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have great potential in the health care system. Implementaing the latest breakthroughs in AI could help the national health system by supporting decision-making and administrative management. This Report C examines the readiness of different IA applications in the healthcare area and highlights its challenges (in particular, the access and handling of data), and its social, ethical and regulatory implications.


Advances in cancer treatments

Almost 300.000 people are diagnosed with cancer in Spain every year, having a significant personal, social and economic impact. The latest developments in cancer diagnosis and treatment are changing the way we approach the disease. This Report C offers a comprehensive overview of cancer in the Spanish context.



This Report C discusses challenges involved in the development of a society that is competitive and technologically advanced, as well as secure and immune to cyber-attacks. This challenge affects connected factories (an attack can paralyse a manufacturing process) as well as everyday objects (wearable appliances), plugged-in (IoT), or sensitive and strategic infrastructures.